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Kyrgyzstan's 'change of day ', Belt and Road dark clouds cove

Source: bbc.com
[International News]     10 Oct 2020
China's neighbors and "comprehensive strategic partners" Kyrgyzstan's domestic political instability, one of the important exports of Belt and Road is likely to be blocked? Early in October, the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Mr. Boronov, and the Speaker of Parliament, Mr. Djumabekov, both resigned from their positions, as a result of massive protest demonstration events and riots that erupted day...
Kyrgyzstan's 'change of day ', Belt and Road dark clouds cove

Opposition supporters during a protest against the parliamentary election results at the central square of Ala-Too in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 5 October 2020

China's neighbors and "comprehensive strategic partners" Kyrgyzstan's domestic political instability, one of the important exports of Belt and Road is likely to be blocked?

Early in October, the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Mr. Boronov, and the Speaker of Parliament, Mr. Djumabekov, both resigned from their positions, as a result of massive protest demonstration events and riots that erupted days after the elections.

One day, the opposition leader Sadr Zaparov, who had been released from prison, took over as acting General Manager, and the opposition-controlled parliament also elected a new Speaker, Mekyuk Abduldayev. But they have announced their leader.

Under increasing pressure, the central Electoral Commission of Kyrgyzstan has also declared the results of the parliament elections held in early October null and void set a date for re-election within two weeks.

The new crown outbreak is also an unexpected factor in political chaos in Kyrgyzstan.


The election caused a political upheaval

The original result of the general election in early October was that the party allied with President Suremba Genbekov won the most votes. All but four of the 16 parties in the election passed the parliament threshold. Three of these four parties relationship closely with President Genbekov. But some accused them of bribery.

Subsequently, large-scale protest involving about 5,000 people broke out in the capital of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, and a relatively small number of protest broke out in the other two cities, demanding that the president step down.

The protest, led by the son of former by the son of former President Atambayev, Kadir, successfully stormed the presidential palace and parliament building and occupied the National Security Council office building.

The protest released other former government officials, including former President Atambayev, who was charged with 11 years' imprisonment and remains in custody.

A political prisoner, including zaparov, who was sentenced to 11 years in prison seven years ago for kidnapping a regional governor in an opposition protest, was also released.

Kyrgyz officials say protest activity has injured one death 、686 people. Election bodies declared Sunday parliament election results null and void.

President Genbekov is still in power, he spoke to the country 6, pointing out that some political forces tried to illegally seize power. But he said orders were issued not to fire and not to bleeding.

To The British Broadcasting Corporation, he stated that he was also prepared to hand over authority, but did not specify who would hand it over.

Kyrgyzstan's 'change of day ', Belt and Road dark clouds cove

People protest against the results of parliamentary elections at the presidential administration in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 6 October 2020

economic dilemmas and ethnic contradictions

Kyrgyzstan, which had experienced coup ,demonstration successes in 2005 and 2010, had succeeded in ousting was acciused corruption leader and government.

By the end of 2019, Kyrgyzstan's economic had developed rapidly, once one of the best performing countries in Central Asia. By August, foreign exchange reserves had reached the highest $3 billion since the central bank was established.

However, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the economic began to decline sharply in 2020. Since the last negative growth caused by the change of domestic regime in 2010, there has been another negative growth situation, the currency has depreciated sharply, and the lives of the people have been seriously affected.

Although the population of Kyrgyzstan is only about 6 million, about 1 million people work abroad, accounting for one fifth of the country's population. And countries, including Russia, because of the epidemic blockade, economic decline, also affected the survival of workers in Kyrgyzstan.

In addition, Kyrgyzstan has more than 80 ethnic groups, ethnic and tribal composition is complex, the original ethnic contradictions, regional contradictions have been unable to solve.

With long-standing social problems such as official corruption, contradictions erupted with dissatisfaction with parliament elections.


Strategic position

Kyrgyzstan is to the east of China Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, west of Uzbekistan, southwest of Tajikistan.

The country is a member of the Kyrgyz Eurasian economic alliance and Collective Security Treaty Organization; it is also a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Islam Cooperation Organization, the Cooperation Council of Turkic-speaking States and the International Organization of Turkic Culture.

Kyrgyzstan's 'change of day ', Belt and Road dark clouds cove

Agence France-Presse reported that local police arrested 21 people during the demonstration.

Kyrgyzstan has close ties with Russia relationship, but also good relationship with the United States, the capital Bishkek suburb of Manas U.S. Air Force base.

China and Kyrgyzstan have long had close political and economic ties since ancient times. According to research, Li Bai, a poet of the Tang Dynasty, was born in Kyrgyzstan.

China is now Kyrgyzstan's largest trading partner and largest source of investment. Kyrgyzstan is one of the first countries to support and actively participate in the construction of "Belt and Road" in China.

China also visited Kyrgyzstan and attended the SCO summit in leader Xi Jinping 2019 years.

As early as 1997, China proposed to promote one of the important projects of Belt and Road, the Sino-Kyrgyzstan-U which signed a memorandum: it will become the shortest freight route from China to Europe and the Middle East, and it is also of great significance to improve the strategic position of Kyrgyzstan in the landlocked Central Asia.

The project, however, has been delayed because of political changes in Kyrgyzstan, where the support of former government has always been opposed by the latter government, along with other factors.


China's Xinjiang Concerns

Xinjiang are neighbours of the chinese Xinjiang, including the kirgzi (with kyrgyz origin), the hui (the kyrgyz east), and, like kyrgyzstan, the kazakh, uzbek (uzbek), tajik and russia.

Officials in China stress that security cooperation is an important part relationship China- Kyrgyzstan, which jointly shoulder the responsibility of maintaining regional peace 、 security and stability.

Kyrgyzstan's 'change of day ', Belt and Road dark clouds cove

Central Europe

Chinese scholars point out that the volatile situation in Kyrgyzstan is often exploited by extreme separatists, and China is also worried that civil unrest in Kyrgyzstan will affect Xinjiang stability.

"China is highly concerned about the current situation in Kyrgyzstan ," said Ministry of Foreign Affairs speaker Hua Chunying, the latest civil unrest in Kyrgyzstan in October 2020. As friendly neighbors and comprehensive strategic partners, China sincerely hopes that the Kyrgyz parties will properly resolve the issue through dialogue and consultation in accordance with the law and promote stability in the situation in Kyrgyzstan as soon as possible. "

"China has always respected the development path chosen by the people of Kyrgyzstan in accordance with their national conditions, firmly supports the policy measures adopted by the Kyrgyz side to safeguard independence, sovereignty and security, and resolutely opposes interference by external forces in the internal affairs of Kyrgyzstan ," Hua said. "

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